Further Resources


  • ReEntry.net – This is a clearinghouse of materials for attorneys, social service providers, and policy reform advocates on reentry and the consequences of criminal proceedings.
  • National H.I.R.E. Network – H.I.R.E. seeks to increase the number and quality of job opportunities available to people with criminal records, and acts as both a national clearinghouse for information and an advocate for policy change.
  • Legal Action Center – LAC is the only non-profit law and policy organization in the United States whose sole mission is to fight discrimination against people with histories of addiction, HIV/AIDS, or criminal records, and to advocate for sound public policies in these areas.
  • Reentry Policy Council – The Reentry Policy Council is a national project coordinated by the Council of State Governments Justice Center, a national nonprofit organization that serves policymakers at the local, state, and federal levels from all branches of government. The Justice Center provides practical, nonpartisan advice and consensus-driven strategies – informed by available evidence – to increase public safety and strengthen communities. Specifically, RPC was established to assist state government officials grappling with the increasing number of people leaving prisons and jails to return to the communities they left behind.
  • National Legal Aid & Defenders Association – NLADA is the nation’s oldest and largest nonprofit association of legal professionals and organizations dedicated to providing legal services to low-income people in America.
  • Eviction and the Reproduction of Urban Poverty – This article by Matthew Desmond of Harvard University explores the prevalence and ramifications of eviction in the lives of the urban poor. A quantitative analysis of administrative and survey data finds that eviction is commonplace in inner-city black neighborhoods and that women from those neighborhoods are evicted at significantly higher rates than men. In poor black neighborhoods, eviction is to women what incarceration is to men: a typical but severely consequential occurrence contributing to the reproduction of urban poverty.
  • Economic Benefits of Employing Formerly Incarcerated Individuals in Philadelphia – This analysis by the Economy League of Greater Philadelphia examines the economic benefits (earnings for individuals, city sales and wage tax contributions, and costs avoided due to reduced recidivism) of employing formerly incarcerated individuals in Philadelphia. ELGP found that connecting 100 currently unemployed former inmates to employment yields $1,217,000 in annual earnings and $55,200,000 in total post-release lifetime earnings; $47,800 in annual wage tax revenues and $1,900,000 in post-release lifetime revenues; $19,100 in annual sales tax revenues and $770,000 in post-release lifetime revenues; and $2,044,575 in estimated annual cost savings from reduced recidivism. The report also provides policy recommendations to support ex-offender employment.